ALERGINIS RINITAS PDF

There are two types of antihistamine: The older first-generation or sedating antihistamines cause tiredness in the user Non-sedating or second-generation antihistamines are less likely to create fatigue Both types are generally as effective as each other in lessening the effect of allergic rhinitis. However, sedating antihistamines may be recommended if the condition is causing sleeping trouble. They are also known as steroid nasal sprays. When suffering from seasonal rhinitis, it is often recommended start using the spray before symptoms are expected to begin showing.

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In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to alleviate the symptoms of chronic rhinitis. Medications Medications known as antihistamines can help treat the underlying cause of allergic rhinitis. There are several other over-the-counter OTC and prescription medications available to help relieve some of the inflammation in the nasal passages.

These include: OTC or prescription antihistamines work for allergies, and include oral medications and nasal sprays. OTC or prescription corticosteroid nasal sprays prescription anticholinergic nasal sprays allergy shots or sublingual immunotherapy for allergies Shop online for OTC antihistamines and nasal sprays , saline nasal sprays , decongestants , and corticosteroid nasal sprays. Lifestyle changes The best way to prevent and treat chronic rhinitis is to avoid the environmental allergen or trigger that is causing it.

Wear a mask when mowing the lawn, doing garden work, or cleaning the house. Purchase an air purifier. Change your heating and air conditioning filters often. Use a vacuum with a HEPA filter. Purchase dust-mite proof pillow and use a vacuum with a HEPA filter. Wash your bedding weekly in hot water. Bathe and groom pets frequently. Take showers after being outside. Avoid secondhand smoke. Surgery Chronic rhinitis that is caused by structural problems with the nose and sinuses, like a deviated septum or persistent nasal polyps , may require surgical correction.

Surgery to correct structural problems of the nose or sinuses is done by an ear-nose-throat ENT doctor, or otolaryngologist.

Home remedies Nasal irrigation is one home remedy that may be useful for both allergic and non-allergic rhinitis. Nasal irrigation, also called nasal lavage, involves using a saltwater solution to rinse the nasal passages. Nasal sprays are available pre-packaged in most drugstores, or you can try using a device called a neti pot.

If you choose to use a neti pot for nasal irrigation, be absolutely certain that you use water that is distilled, sterile, previously boiled and cooled, or filtered in order to prevent dangerous infections. To learn more about how to safely use a neti pot, follow these steps.

To keep the nasal passages lubricated and healthy, you can also try using a humidifier. Capsaicin, which is derived from chili peppers is also sometimes touted as a treatment option for non-allergic rhinitis. Larger, controlled trials are needed to confirm its effectiveness. Capsaicin is available as an OTC nasal spray, but you should consult with your doctor before you try it. Complications If not treated, the chronic inflammation in the nose can lead to: Nasal polyps.

These are noncancerous growths in the lining of the nose caused by chronic inflammation. Large polyps can block airflow through the nose and make it hard to breathe. This is inflammation of the membrane that lines the sinuses. Frequent middle ear infections. Infections in the ear may result from fluid and congestion in the nose. Missed work or disruption in daily activities.

The symptoms of chronic rhinitis can be frustrating and make your day-to-day activities less enjoyable. You should also call a doctor if you have a fever or severe pain in your face or sinuses. This could mean you have a sinus infection or another serious condition that requires treatment. The bottom line While typically not serious, chronic rhinitis can make day-to-day life more difficult.

The best way to treat chronic rhinitis is to avoid its triggers. Try not to overuse nasal decongestants, as this can actually worsen your symptoms.

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What Causes Chronic Rhinitis?

In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to alleviate the symptoms of chronic rhinitis. Medications Medications known as antihistamines can help treat the underlying cause of allergic rhinitis. There are several other over-the-counter OTC and prescription medications available to help relieve some of the inflammation in the nasal passages. These include: OTC or prescription antihistamines work for allergies, and include oral medications and nasal sprays. OTC or prescription corticosteroid nasal sprays prescription anticholinergic nasal sprays allergy shots or sublingual immunotherapy for allergies Shop online for OTC antihistamines and nasal sprays , saline nasal sprays , decongestants , and corticosteroid nasal sprays.

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