References have been broken down into four major categories described below. In some cases placement of a given work in a category is somewhat arbitrary, as some cross-over may exist. Nonetheless, all of these references, except for fiction, have proven valuable sources of information for The Big Hole. Primary Sources : are written by the persons who actually participated in the events they are writing about.
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References have been broken down into four major categories described below. In some cases placement of a given work in a category is somewhat arbitrary, as some cross-over may exist. Nonetheless, all of these references, except for fiction, have proven valuable sources of information for The Big Hole. Primary Sources : are written by the persons who actually participated in the events they are writing about. These include diaries, journals, autobiographies and autobiographical writing masquerading as novels.
There may also be some documents by authors who actually talked with the participants. These often rely on primary sources, but are subject to interpretations, distortions and any agenda or bias of the author.
Information given in these sources is just as valid as from other secondary sources, but is much more oriented towards doing, rather than reference alone. Historical Fiction: entertaining reading, often informative and educational, but subject to a large portion of guesswork, interpretation and in some cases outright fabrication.
Only what I consider to be better works of historical fiction are included here. Primary Sources: Adams, David. The David Adams Journals. Edited by Charles E. Hanson, Jr.
Published by the Museum of the Fur Trade Charles Hanson has compiled a number of journal fragments letters and other accounts to piece together this document. Adams had only a limited education and the journals are difficult to read, as Hanson has preserved the phonetic spellings in the original journals. Anderson, William Marshall. The Journals do not describe much of life at the time, however, they do document very well the progress of the supply train in this important year.
Anderson, through his journals does show an awareness of the big events going on around him, ie the collapse of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company, and the combination of the successor company, Fitzpatrick, Subllette and Bridger Company with Fontenelle and Drips. This publication can be found on Google Books. Ball, John. Grand Rapids, Mich. An electronic version of a portion of this document is available on the web site of the American Mountain Man.
Bartlett, John Russell. First Published in , reprinted in John Wiley and Sons. Although the dictionary lacks many of the terms used by Ruxton and Garrard, many terms not defined elsewhere can be found here. Beckwourth, James P. The Life and Adventures of James P. Beckwourth, published by Harper and Brothers, Many other editions. A very readable and enjoyable story of the life of Jim Beckwourth. Beckwourth portrays himself as the hero in every circumstance, to the point of greatly exaggerating numbers, places and events.
The story does start to become a monotonous litany of Crow Indian raids and counter-raids Beckwourth lived with the Crows for fourteen years , before Beckwourth goes on to a new phase in his life.
Note, although this is considered to be a primary source, it was authored by Beckwourth, who had a reputation as the "Immaculate Liar" and anything Beckworth states should be subject to independent verification. Bodmer, Karl. Maximilian had noted that the native culture and peoples of western North America were rapidly disappearing. With and through the artistic abilities of Karl Bodmer, Maximilian sought to preserve what he could.
This book is essentially a page picture book focused largely on the native peoples along the Missouri River. White-European culture were general avoided in the drawings and pictures, however, there are drawings of Forts Union, Pierre, Clark and McKenzie. Even those scenes which portray only natives are valuable because they represent what was visible countless times over the rampart walls from any of the Missouri River Forts. Bonneville, B. The Adventures of Captain Bonneville. This book was actually written by Washington Irving, but was based on a manuscript by Bonneville, and conversations with Bonneville, as well as Nathanial Wyeth and other participants in the fur trade at the time.
Henry Marie Brackenridge. Journal of a Voyage Up the Missouri River in Bradbury returned to St. Louis with Manuel Lisa. Campbell Robert. Published in London, Edited by Annie Abel. Published by Bison Books as a reprint of the edition. The journal is a day to day narrative of events taking place at Fort Clark from the prospective of the fort factor, Francis Chardon. The journal is not an account book, but through the journal we can see something of the business of the fur trade at the fort.
We learn of the foods, interpersonal relations between company personnel and Indians, weather, river conditions and life in general. Chardon appears to have been compulsive about tracking things, from the number of rats killed each month, to the number of daily Indian fatalities during the small pox epidemic.
Cly man, James. This book is a compilation of the journals, notebooks, diaries and memoirs of James Clyman. Clym an, James. Narrative, by James Clyman, This document describes Clymans experiences in the mountains, primarily from , but with snippets from ,, and An electronic version of this document is available on the web site of the American Mountain Man. Clark Company, Glendale California. This book is listed with primary sources because it contains transcriptions of the original journals of William Ashley, Jedediah Smith and Harrison Rogers, Smiths clerk on his second expedition to California.
William Fairholme was a British Military officer stationed in Canada. In he was invited to join a party composed of other British officers on a buffalo hunt on the plains adjacent to the Santa Fe Trail west of St.
Fairholme, who seems to be unbiased regarding the United States, describes life and culture of the U. Although this was a British big game hunting expedition, the British hired Etienne Provost, an accomplished mountain man, to attend to the logistics, security and management of the party. Farnham, Thomas. Published Matt Field on the Santa Fe Trail.
Edited by John E Sunder. Published by the University of Oklahoma Press, Matt Field was a young man who had experienced multiple personal disappointments and determined to travel "Out West" as part of the healing process. His Journal starts on July 15, His earlier start was lost while chasing antelope.
Much of his journal is written in verse. The book also includes 85 short articles written for the New Orleans Picayune starting in December through June Field Matt C. Ferris, Warren Angus. This is an excellent source for both methods and means as well as events taking place during this time period in the Northern and Central Rocky Mountain region.
Lemuels account of the Colonel Henry Dodge expedition up the Platte River and return by way of the Arkansas River to meet and council with Indians of the area. Garrard, Lewis H. Garrard provides an excellent view of life on the trail from Westport, Missouri to Bents Fort during into Gregg, Josiah.
The Commerce of the Prairies. This book provides an excellent description of the experiences of Dr. Josiah Gregg on the Santa Fe Trail from through about Although not about the mountain men and fur trade, the book details life on the Santa Fe Trail, dealings with Indians, and commerce with New and Old Mexico. Hamilton, Bill. Edited by E. Sieber, published by Forest and Stream Publishing Co. Harmon, Daniel Williams. Published by A. Barnes and Company, New York. A digital edition of this journal is available online through Google Books.
Harmon was a clerk with the North West Company starting in and running through about An excellent source for information about field conditions in the Canadian fur trade. Hunt, Wilson Price. James, Thomas.
BO1380 Fur Trade Cutlery Sketchbook
Unfortunately none of these written sources have pictures or detailed descriptions of what the knives really looked like. We do have a number of original knives in museum collections. The skinner, as a specific pattern developed from the butcher, even though it has a more radical curve to the blade. I would refer you to the Fur Trade Cutlery Sketchbook for more information. However the Green River really dates to the Civil War. The company was not started until and it did not manufacture knives until There are a lot of guys that know more about knives than I.
Fur Trade Cutlery Sketchbook 01_0001
According to Charles E. Hanson, Jr. A few years ago I contacted a company in Sheffield England that has been in the knife business since Their records show a common butcher knife just like those used today. They sent me drawings and dimensions of what they were making as butcher knives from the s on.
FUR TRADE CUTLERY SKETCHBOOK PDF
Sanos Fhr white and Indian alike would often regrind the knife so that there was a bevel on only one side to minimize slashing the hide during removal. The cost difference was due only to the shape of the blade, being a simpler shape the blade required less effort and produced less waste than the standard butcher pattern which swept up at the tip. All of these were family businesses. Unfortunately none of these written sources have pictures or detailed descriptions of what the knives really looked like.