Mikagor From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. After Ernst Haeckel suggested a career in science, Rorschach enrolled in medical school at the University of Zurich. A major factor that lead Rorschach to differ from his father and not pursue art was that his father passed away while he was still trying to decide what to study. Archived from the psychodkagnostik on He wrote a letter to the famous German biologist Ernst Haeckel asking his advice. His method has come to be referred to as the Rorschach Testiterations of which have continued to be used over the years to help identify personality, psychotic, and neurological disorders.
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The eldest son of an art teacher, Rorschach considered becoming an artist but chose medicine instead. He attended several universities before receiving his M. Then he worked in Russia for a year before returning to Switzerland to practice. For several years his main interest was psychoanalysis , and he became a staunch advocate of the then new psychoanalytic technique in Swiss medical circles.
He was elected vice president of the Swiss Psychoanalytic Society in In Rorschach discovered the work of Szyman Hens, who had studied the fantasies of his subjects using inkblot cards. The Rorschach test is based on the human tendency to project interpretations and feelings onto ambiguous stimuli—in this case, inkblots. From these cues, trained observers are supposed to be able to pinpoint deeper personality traits and impulses in the person taking the test.
Rorschach published the results of his studies on mental patients and others in Psychodiagnostik ; Psychodiagnostics. The book attracted little attention before Rorschach died the next year, but his method was later widely adopted as a tool for psychological evaluation and diagnosis.
The test is controversial, in part because the interpretation of results can be highly subjective. Subscribe today This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen , Corrections Manager.
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He spent his childhood and youth in Schaffhausen , in northern Switzerland. He was known to his school friends as Klex, or "inkblot" since he enjoyed klecksography making fanciful inkblot "pictures". For example, in , German doctor Justinus Kerner had published a popular book of poems, each of which was inspired by an accidental inkblot. It has been speculated that the book was known to Rorschach. As the time of his high school graduation approached, he could not decide between a career in art and one in science. He wrote a letter to the German biologist Ernst Haeckel asking his advice.
Though the instrument has been administered, scored, and interpreted with a multitude of disparate methods since its inception, the plates and procedure were designed by Rorschach to provide not only a diagnostic profile of the examinee, but also as a means of differentiation between neurotic disorders, psychotic disorders, and otherwise normative mental health functioning. In the test session, individuals are exposed to each plate and asked to report what the image in front of them might be. Hermann Rorschach was a Swiss Bleuler ian-influenced psychoanalytic psychiatrist, best known for developing what is today referred to as the Rorschach-Test. As the time of his high school graduation approached, he could not decide between a career in art and one in science. He wrote a letter to the famous German biologist Ernst Haeckel asking his advice. The scientist suggested science, and Rorschach enrolled in medical school at the University of Zurich.
HERMANN RORSCHACH PSYCHODIAGNOSTIK PDF