On the contrary, a virtue according to virtue theory is a trait that is necessary in order to promote the wellbeing of the human. She then goes on to identify a connection between virtue and the idea of eudaimonia flourishing. Hursthouse then identifies some criticisms of virtue theory which she considers to be ill-founded and that have the effect of obscuring the true ideas of the theory. The first is that the concept of eudaimonia is too obscure for the theory to be a fully conceived one.
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For Kantian ethics deontological theory , there is a link between right action and moral rules, and then between moral rules and rationality. For utilitarianism, there is a link between right action and consequences, and then between consequences and happiness.
For Aristotelian ethics virtue theory , there is a link between right action and the virtuous person, and then between the virtuous person and Happiness eudaimonia. Misplaced Criticisms a. Problem of defining eudaimonia—Hursthouse responds by saying that defining rationality and happiness is just as difficult as defining eudaimonia.
Problem of vicious circularity that is, virtue theory is supposed to specify right action in terms of the virtuous person, and then immediately to specify the virtuous person in terms of right action —Hursthouse responds by saying that this is not true; virtue theory characterizes the virtuous person in terms of the virtues, and then characterizes the virtues in terms of certain character traits.
Virtue theory is committed to reductionism that is, to defining all actions in terms of virtuous agents —Hursthouse responds by saying that virtue theory relies on a number of significant moral concepts, for example, benevolence, good and evil, worthwhile, advantageous and pleasant. Which character traits are the virtues? This is open to much dispute— Hursthouse responds by saying that the question, What exactly are our duties?
How do we reconcile conflicts between virtues? Major Criticisms of Virtue Theory a. But this is not a correct condition of adequacy. I can do something vicious even in exercising a moral right. Features of a Virtue-Theory Approach to Abortion a.
The familiar biological facts b. The premature termination of a pregnancy connects with all our thoughts about and emotions in relation to human life and death, parenthood, and family relationships 9. Acts of abortion can be non-virtuous. Acts of abortion are not always non-virtuous; there are cases in which abortion can be the right decision. Having an abortion can be the right decision and still demonstrate a lack of virtue.
Virtue Theory and Abortion