It aims the implementation of additional employment to under employed persons. Central-state contribution was on the basis of ratio. The urban version of this program was Nehru Rozgar Yojana. This was a consolidation of the previous employment programs and it was largest National Employment Program of India at that time with a general objective of providing Days Employment per person particularly in backward districts. People below Poverty Line were main targets.
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Rozgar Yojana is an important move towards wage employment programme. Jawahar Rozgar Yojana was introduced by the Indian government with an agenda of attaining self-sufficiency in providing sustainable employment to the rural population and helps remove poverty to the extent possible in less time.
Objectives of Jawahar Rozgar Yojana Providing employment reinforcement to unemployed and under-employed population in the rural areas. Enhancing the rural Infrastructure and establishments for the benefits of the rural areas. Special reservation for women almost up to one third of the employment opportunities.
Focus to cover every possible village with the help of Panchayati Raj. The main agenda was to take stern steps and action to eradicate poverty. The programme was started in which was later merged with Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme in The main objective of the scheme was to provide a job to at least one member of a landless household for a guaranteed period of days in a year. The programme was funded by the central government, a total amount of crore was sanctioned in the first phase and the onus of utilizing the fund was imposed on the state and union territories.
In the seventh Plan, a cash flow of INR 1, A cash flow of INR 1, Provisions The scheme has special provision for women where 30 percent of the work is reserved for women, it will also benefit nomadic tribes, schedule caste, landless families, while preferences would also be given to the people living under poverty line.
The objective is to provide employment to one member from each family of four hundred and forty lakh families and the responsibility will be on the village Panchayati on how they spend the funds allocated to them.
The funds allocated to village will also depend upon the number of household below poverty line and its backwardness.
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